XIII. Publications

APEL, E., J. CALVERT, and F. FEHSENFELD*, 1994: The nonmethane hydrocarbon intercomparison experiment (NOMHICE): Tasks 1 and 2. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 16,651-16,664.

*AVALLONE, L., D. TOOHEY*, S. SCHAUFFLER, W. POLLOCK, L. HEIDT, E. ATLAS, and K. CHAN*, 1995: In situ measurements of BrO during AASE II, Geophysical Research Letters, 22, 831-834.

CALVERT, J., G. YARWOOD*, and A. DUNKER*, 1994: An evaluation of the mechanism of nitrous acid formation in the urban atmosphere. Res. Chem. Intermed., 20, 463-502.

CIAIS, P., P. TANS*, J. WHITE*, M. TROLIER*, R. FRANCEY*, J. BERRY*, D. RANDALL*, P. SELLERS*, J. COLLATZ*, and D. SCHIMEL, 1995: Partitioning of ocean and land uptake of CO2 as inferred by Delta-13C measurements from the NOAA Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory Global Air Sampling Network. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 5051-5070.

*CROWLEY, J., F. HELLEIS*, R. MÜLLER*, G. MOORTGAT*, P. CRUTZEN*, and J. ORLANDO, 1994: CH3OC1: UV/visible absorption cross sections, J values and atmospheric significance. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 20,683-20,688.

EDWARDS, D., M. LÓPEZ-PUERTAS*, and M. MLYNCZAK*, 1994: Non-local thermodynamic equilibrium LIMB radiance from O3 and CO2 in the 9-11 mm spectral region. Journal of Quantum Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 52, 389-407.

EISELE, F. L., 1995: New insight and questions resulting from recent ion-assisted OH measurements. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 52, 3337-3341.

EISELE, F., G. MOUNT*, F. FEHSENFELD*, J. HARDER*, E. MAROVICH*, D. PARRISH*, J. ROBERTS*, and M. TRAINER*, 1994: Intercomparison of tropospheric OH and ancillary trace gas measurements at Fritz Peak Observatory, Colorado. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 18,605-18,626.

*FETZER, E., and J. GILLE, 1994: Gravity wave variance in LIMS temperatures. Part I: Variability and comparison with background winds. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 51, 2461-2483.

*FOLKINS, I., A. J. WEINHEIMER, G. BRASSEUR, F. LEFÈVRE, B. A. RIDLEY, J. G. WALEGA, J. E. COLLINS*, and R. F. PUESCHEL*, 1994: Three-dimensional model interpretation of NOx measurements from the lower stratosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 23,117-23,129.

GARCIA, R., and B. BOVILLE, 1994: "Downward Control" of the mean meridional circulation and temperature distribution of the polar winter stratosphere. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 51, 2238-2245.

GREENBERG, J., B. LEE, D. HELMIG, and P. ZIMMERMAN, 1994: Fully automated gas chromatograph-flame ionization detector system for the in situ determination of atmospheric non-methane hydrocarbons at low parts per trillion concentration. Journal of Chromatography, A, 676, 389-398.

GUENTHER A., C. HEWITT, D. ERICKSON, R. FALL*, C. GERON*, T. GRAEDEL*, P. HARLEY, L. KLINGER, M. LERDAU*, W. MCKAY*, T. PIERCE*, B. SCHOLES*, R. STEINBRECHER*, R. TALLAMRAJU, J. TAYLOR*, and P. ZIMMERMAN, 1995: A global model of natural volatile organic compound emissions, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 8873-8892.

HELMIG, D., and J. GREENBERG, 1994: Automated in situ gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of ppt level volatile organic trace gases using multistage solid-adsorbent trapping. Journal of Chromatography, A, 677, 123-132.

HELMIG, D., and J. GREENBERG, 1995: Artifact formation from the use of potassium-iodide-based ozone traps during atmospheric sampling of trace organic gases. Journal of High Resolution Chromatography, 18, 15-18.

HUANG, T., and A. SMITH, 1995: Dynamical and chemical feedback in a two-dimensional interactive model of the middle atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 11,085-11,104.

HUANG, T., and G. BRASSEUR, 1994: Response of the middle atmosphere to solar variability--Model simulations. In The Sun as a Variable Star, Proceedings of the IAU Colloquium (J. M. Pap, C. Fröhlich, H. S. Hudson, and S. K. Solanki, Eds.), 143, Boulder, CO, June 1993, Cambridge Univ. Press., 315-329.

KLINGER, L., 1994: Introduction to special section on the northern wetlands study and the Arctic boundary layer expedition 3B: An international and interdisciplinary field campaign. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 1421.

*KUZMA, J., M. NEMECEK-MARSHALL*, W. POLLOCK, and R. FALL*, 1995: Bacteria produce the volatile hydrocarbon isoprene. Current Microbiology, 30, 97-103.

LAMARQUE, J.-F., and P. HESS, 1994: Cross-tropopause mass exchange and potential vorticity budget in a simulated tropopause folding. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 51, 2246-2269.

*LAMB, B., B. MCMANUS*, J. SHORTER*, C. KOLB*, B. MOSHER*, R. HARRISS*, E. ALLWINE*, D. BLAHA*, T. HOWARD*, A. GUENTHER, R. LOTT*, R. SIVERSON*, H. WESTBERG*, and P. ZIMMERMAN, 1995: Development of atmospheric tracer methods to measure methane emissions from natural gas facilities and urban areas. Environmental Sciences and Technology, 29, 1468-1479.

*LIN, X., B. A. RIDLEY, J. WALEGA, G. F. HÜBLER*, S. A. MCKEEN*, E.-Y. HSIE*, M. TRAINER*, F. C. FEHSENFELD*, and S. C. LIU*, 1994: Parameterization of subgrid scale convective cloud transport in a mesoscale regional chemistry model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 25,615-25,630.

MADRONICH, S., and P. HESS, 1994: The oxidizing capacity of the troposphere and its changes. In Proc. of the Sixth European Symposium (G. Angeletti and G. Restelli, Eds.), Volume 1, Physico-Chemical Behaviour of Atmospheric Pollutants, October 1993, Varese, 18-22.

MADRONICH, S., R. MCKENZIE, M. CALDWELL, and L. BJÖRN, 1994: Changes in Ultraviolet Radiation Reaching the Earth's Surface. Chapter 1 in Environmental Effects of Stratospheric Ozone Depletion - 1994 (J. van der Leun, M. Tevini and X. Tang, Eds.), Nairobi, Kenya, United Nations Environ. Prog., 1-22.

*MANNEY, G. L., L. FROIDEVAUX*, J. W. WATERS*, J. C. GILLE, R. W. ZUREK*, J. B. KUMER*, J. L. MERGENTHALER*, A. E. ROCHE*, A. O'NEILL*, and R. SWINBANK*, 1995: Formation of low ozone pockets in the middle stratospheric anticyclone during winter. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 13,939-13950.

MASSIE, S., 1994: Indices of refraction for the HITRAN compilation. Journal of Quantum Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 52, 501-513.

MASSIE, S., P. BAILEY, J. GILLE, E. LEE*, J. MERGENTHALER*, A. ROCHE*, J. KUMER*, E. FISHBEIN*, J. WATERS*, and W. LAHOZ*, 1994: Spectral signatures of polar stratospheric clouds and sulfate aerosol. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 51, 3027-3044.

*MONSON, R., P. HARLEY, M. LITVAK*, M. WILDERMUTH, A. GUENTHER, P. ZIMMERMAN, and R. FALL*, 1994: Environmental and developmental controls over the seasonal pattern of isoprene emission from aspen leaves. Oecologia, 99, 260-270.

*MÜLLER, J. F., and G. P. BRASSEUR, 1995: IMAGES: A three-dimensional chemical transport model of the global troposphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 16,445-16,490.

*NAJJAR, R., D. ERICKSON III, and S. MADRONICH, 1995: Modeling the air-sea fluxes of gases formed from the decomposition of dissolved organic matter: Carbonyl sulfide and carbon monoxide. In Role of Nonliving Organic Matter in the Earth's Carbon Cycle (R. G. Zepp and Ch. Sonntag, Eds.), John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 107-132.

ORLANDO, J., and J. BURKHOLDER, 1995: Gas-phase UV/visible absorption spectra of HOBr and Br2O. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 99, 1143-1150.

PHILLIPS, L., 1994: Experimental demonstration of coupling of heat and matter fluxes at a gas-water interface. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 18,577-18,584.

PHILLIPS, L., 1994: The theory of air-sea gas exchange. Accents on Chemical Research, 27, 217-223.

RANDEL, W., and F. WU, 1995: TOMS total ozone trends in potential vorticity coordinates. Geophysical Research Letters, 22, 683-686.

RANDEL, W., B. BOVILLE, J. GILLE, P. BAILEY, S. MASSIE, J. KUMER*, J. MERGENTHALER*, and A. ROCHE*, 1994: Simulation of stratospheric N2O in the NCAR CCM2: Comparison with CLAES data and global budget analyses. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 51, 2834-2845.

RASCH, P., B. BOVILLE, and G. BRASSEUR, 1995: A three-dimensional general circulation model with coupled chemistry for the middle atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 9041-9071.

RIDLEY, B., J. WALEGA, J. DYE, and F. GRAHEK, 1994: Distributions of NO, NOx, NOy, and O3 to 12 km altitude during the summer monsoon season over New Mexico. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 25,519-25,534.

ROEHL, C., J. ORLANDO, G. TYNDALL, R. SHETTER, G. VÁZQUEZ, C. CANTRELL, and J. CALVERT, 1994: Temperature dependence of the quantum yields for the photolysis of NO2 near the dissociation limit. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 98, 7837-7843.

SASSI, F., and R. GARCIA, 1994: A one-dimensional model of the semiannual oscillation driven by convectively forced gravity waves. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 51, 3167-3182.

SCHAUFFLER, S., and J. DANIEL*, 1994: On the effects of stratospheric circulation changes on trace gas trends. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 25,747-25,754.

SCHAUFFLER, S., W. POLLOCK, E. ATLAS, L. HEIDT, and J. DANIEL, 1995: Atmospheric distributions of HCFC 141b, Geophysical Research Letters, 22, 819-822.

SCHIMEL, D. S., B. H. BRASWELL*, E. A. HOLLAND, R. MCKEOWN*, D. S. OJIMA*, T. H. PAINTER*, W. J. PARTON*, and A. R. TOWNSEND, 1994: Climatic, edaphic, and biotic controls over storage and turnover of carbon in soils. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 8, 279-293.

*SIGG, A., K. FUHRER*, M. ANKLIN*, T. STAFFELBACH, and D. ZURMÜHLE*, 1994: A continuous analysis technique for trace species in ice cores. Environmental Science and Technolology, 28, 204-209.

SMITH, A., 1995a: Numerical simulation of global variations of temperature, ozone, and trace species in the stratosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 1253-1269.

SMITH, A., 1995b: Impact of averaged photolysis rates on stratospheric chemical models. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 11,173-11,183.

SMITH, M. W., and S. F. BIGGAR, 1994: Calibration and performance evaluation of a portable short-wave infrared (1.05- to 2.45-µm) spectrometer. Optical Engineering, 33, 3781-3792.

*SOLOMON, S., R. GARCIA, and A. RAVISHANKARA*, 1994: On the role of iodine in ozone depletion. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 20,491-20,499.

STAFFELBACH, T., J. ORLANDO, G. TYNDALL, and J. CALVERT, 1995: The UV-visible absorption spectrum and photolysis quantum yields of methylglyoxal. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 14,189-14,198.

TANNER, D., and F. EISELE, 1995: Present OH measurement limits and associated uncertainties. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 2883-2892.

*THOME, K. J., M. W. SMITH, J. M. PALMER*, and J. A. REAGAN*, 1994: Three-channel solar radiometer for the determination of atmospheric columnar water vapor. Applied Optics, 33, 5811-5819.

TIE, X., 1994: Potential impact on stratospheric ozone due to emission of hydrocarbons from high-altitude aircraft. Tellus, 46B, 286-293.

TIE, X., G. BRASSEUR, B. BRIEGLEB, and C. GRANIER, 1994: Two-dimensional simulation of Pinatubo aerosol and its effect on stratospheric ozone. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 20,545-20,562.

TIE, X., X. LIN*, and G. BRASSEUR, 1994: Two-dimensional coupled dynamical/chemical/microphysical simulation of global distribution of El Chichón volcanic aerosols. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 16,779-16,792.

*TRAUB, W., K. JUCKS*, D. JOHNSON*, M. COFFEY, W. MANKIN, and G. TOON*, 1994: Comparison of column abundances from three infrared spectrometers during AASE II. Geophysical Research Letters, 21, 2591-2594.

TYNDALL, G., J. ORLANDO, and J. CALVERT, 1995: Upper limit for the rate coefficient for the reaction HO2 + NO2 Æ HONO + O2. Environmental Science and Technology, 29, 202-206.

*WEBER, R., P. MCMURRY*, F. EISELE, and D. TANNER, 1995: Measurement of expected nucleation precursor species and 3-500-nm diameter particles at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 52, 2242-2256.

WEINHEIMER, A., J. WALEGA, B. RIDLEY, B. GARY*, D. BLAKE*, N. BLAKE*, F. ROWLAND*, G. SACHSE*, B. ANDERSON*, and J. COLLINS*, 1994: Meridional distributions of NOx, NOy, and other species in the lower stratosphere and upper troposphere during AASE II. Geophysical Research Letters, 21, 2583-2586.

*WOODBRIDGE, E. L., J. W. ELKINS*, D. W. FAHEY*, L. E. HEIDT, S. SOLOMON*, T. J. BARING*, T. M. GILPIN, W. H. POLLOCK, S. M. SCHAUFFLER, E. L. ATLAS, M. LOEWENSTEIN*, J. R. PODOLSKE*, C. R. WEBSTER*, R. D. MAY*, J. M. GILLIGAN*, S. A. MONTZKA*, K. A. BOERING*, and R. J. SALAWITCH*, 1995: Estimates of total organic and inorganic chlorine in the lower stratosphere from in situ and flask measurements during AASE II. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 3057-3064.

YANG, P., and G. BRASSEUR, 1994: Dynamics of the oxygen-hydrogen system in the mesosphere 1. Photochemical equilibria and catastrophe. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 20,955-20,965.

*ZEPP, R., T. CALLAGHAN*, and D. ERICKSON III, 1994: Effects of increased solar ultraviolet radiation on biogeochemical cycles. Chapter 5 in Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion: 1994 Assessment, United Nations Environ. Prog., 79-93.

ZHENG, J., A. J. WEINHEIMER, B. A. RIDLEY, S. C. LIU*, G. W. SACHSE*, B. E. ANDERSON*, and J. E. COLLINS, JR.*, 1994: An analysis of aircraft exhaust plumes from accidental encounters. Geophysical Research Letters, 21, 2579-2582.